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Molecular analysis of protein sorting during biogenesis of muscle cytoarchitecture

Perriard, J C
von Arx, P
Bantle, S
Eppenberger, H M
Eppenberger-Eberhardt, M
Messerli, M
Published in Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology. 1992, vol. 46, p. 219-35
Abstract Isolated, rod-shaped adult rat cardiomyocytes (ARC) were kept in long-term cell cultures and the changes of the cardiomyocyte structure were investigated by confocal microscopy. The cells round up and make contact with the substrate by very flat, foot-like structures. After prolonged culture the amorphous cells regenerate a cardiomyocyte-like cytoarchitecture and myofibrils reemerge. In the perinuclear region myofibrils form continuously while in other cells discontinuous myofibrillogenesis was observed, where short sarcomeric segments occur all over the cytoplasmic space. During the regeneration of myofibrils certain proteins like a smooth muscle actin sort to non sarcomeric region, while myomesin or heart C-protein localize on myofibrils with high specificity. This culture system combined with method of epitope-tagging of contractile proteins are ideally suited to monitor the intracellular localization sites of exogenously introduced constructs to different cytoskeletal, since ARC exhibit at the same time stress fiber-like filaments (SFLF) and nascent myofibrils. The molecular properties of the different members of the myosin light chain isoprotein family were investigated by transfection experiments using epitope-tagged myosin light chain (MLC) cDNA. The sorting of the different types of MLC was shown to be isoprotein specific and with chimeric constructs it was shown that the isoprotein-specific incorporation into myofibrils was dependent on the presence of the middle domain of MLC-1f/3f. These MLC isoproteins can be arranged into a sequence of increasing affinity to myofibrils. A hierarchical order of myofibrillar assembly is postulated based on the association affinity. Similar experiments with constructs containing alpha-cardiac, alpha-smooth muscle and gamma-cytoplasmic actins have shown that expression of epitope-tagged actins in ARC result in different epitope staining patterns. While the alpha-cardiac actin showed a marked preference for sarcomeres, the alpha-smooth muscle isoproteins had an intermediate specificity and could either be preferentially incorporated into stress fiber-like filaments (SFLF) and in some cells to a lesser extent into myofibrils as well. Most striking results were obtained with gamma-cytoplasmic actin carrying a 5 or 11-mer epitope. This actin gave rise to large cells, induced the formation of filopodia filled with the transfected actin and depletion of the transfected actin from the perinuclear myofibrillar region.
Keywords Actins/geneticsAnimalsCell Differentiation/physiologyCells, CulturedMuscles/chemistry/cytologyMyocardium/chemistry/cytologyMyosins/geneticsRats
PMID: 1341038
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PERRIARD, J C et al. Molecular analysis of protein sorting during biogenesis of muscle cytoarchitecture. In: Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, 1992, vol. 46, p. 219-35.

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Deposited on : 2012-03-30

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