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Scientific article
Open access
English

Patterns of amyloid accumulation in amyloid-negative cases

Published inNeurobiology of aging, vol. 129, p. 99-108
Publication date2023-09
First online date2023-05-09
Abstract

Amyloid staging models showed that regional abnormality occurs before global positivity. Several studies assumed that the trajectory of amyloid spread is homogeneous, but clinical evidence suggests that it is highly heterogeneous. We tested whether different amyloid-β (Aβ) patterns exist by applying clustering on negative scans and investigating their demographics, clinical, cognitive, and biomarkers correlates, and cognitive trajectories. 151 individuals from Geneva and Zurich cohorts with T1-MRI, negative Aβ positron emission tomography (PET,centiloid<12) and clinical assessment were included. N=123 underwent tau PET, and N=65 follow-up neuropsychological assessment. We performed k-means clustering using 33 Aβ regional Standardized Uptake Vales ratio. Demographics, clinical, cognitive, and biomarkers differences were investigated. Longitudinal cognitive changes by baseline cluster status were estimated using a linear mixed model. The cluster analysis identified two clusters: temporal predominant (TP) and cingulate predominant (CP). TP tau deposition was higher than CP. A trend for a higher cognitive decline in TP compared to CP was observed. This study suggests the existence of two Aβ deposition patterns in the earliest phases of Aβ accumulation, differently prone to tau pathology and cognitive decline.

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Keywords
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid-β
  • Data-driven approach
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Humans
  • Alzheimer Disease / pathology
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Amyloid
  • Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / diagnostic imaging
  • Biomarkers
  • Tau Proteins
Citation (ISO format)
ALCHERA, Nicola et al. Patterns of amyloid accumulation in amyloid-negative cases. In: Neurobiology of aging, 2023, vol. 129, p. 99–108. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2023.05.006
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ISSN of the journal0197-4580
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