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Scientific article
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Proteomic analysis reveals the direct recruitment of intrinsically disordered regions to stress granules in S. cerevisiae

Published inJournal of cell science, jcs.244657
Publication date2020-01-01
First online date2020-01-01
Abstract

Stress granules (SGs) are stress-induced membraneless condensates that store non-translating mRNA and stalled translation initiation complexes. While metazoan SGs are dynamic compartments where proteins can rapidly exchange with their surroundings, yeast SGs seem largely static. To gain a better understanding of the yeast SGs, we identified proteins that sediment after heat-shock by mass spectrometry. Proteins that sediment upon heat-shock are biased toward a subset of abundant proteins that are significantly enriched in intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs). Heat-induced SG localization of over 80 proteins were confirmed using microscopy, including 32 proteins not previously known to localize to SGs. We found that several IDRs were sufficient to mediate SG recruitment. Moreover, the dynamic exchange of IDRs can be observed via FRAP, while other components remain immobile. Lastly, we showed that the IDR of the Ubp3 deubiquitinase was critical for yeast SG formation. This work shows that IDRs can be sufficient for SG incorporation, can remain dynamic in vitrified SGs, and can play an important role in cellular compartmentalization upon stress.

eng
Keywords
  • Heat shock
  • Intrinsically disordered regions
  • Proteomic analysis
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Stress granules
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Funding
  • European Commission - Infinite Protein Self-Assembly in Health and Disease [819318]
Citation (ISO format)
ZHU, Mang et al. Proteomic analysis reveals the direct recruitment of intrinsically disordered regions to stress granules in S.<i> cerevisiae</i>. In: Journal of cell science, 2020, p. jcs.244657. doi: 10.1242/jcs.244657
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0021-9533
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