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Scientific article
Open access
English

I don’t feel sick : Cognitive and affective processing of self-health associations using the Implicit Association Test

Published inJournal of health psychology, 13591053241233509
Publication date2024-02-27
First online date2024-02-27
Abstract

Measuring implicit associations of self-concept with health or illness attributes may offer valuable insight into the mechanisms entailing the perception of one’s own health, as explicit measures of self-reported health are usually influenced by social desirability or response bias. In this study, healthy participants performed a modified version of the implicit association test (IAT) investigating implicit associations between the self and either health or illness related representations. Behaviorally, implicit associations dominated for self-health pairing, and their strength was inversely correlated with depressive traits. Neurally, concomitant EEG recording showed significant modulations of the P1, LPP, and N4 components evoked by such pairings, suggesting a facilitation of sensory responses to self-related stimuli and differential emotional processes engaged to integrate health versus illness information into self-related representations. These data offer new clues to better understand the cognitive and affective mechanisms underlying unrealistic optimism and pathological awareness of health conditions in various clinical populations.

eng
Keywords
  • EEG
  • Implicit association test
  • Implicit health
  • Positivity bias
  • Self-concept
Citation (ISO format)
TIPURA, Eda et al. I don’t feel sick : Cognitive and affective processing of self-health associations using the Implicit Association Test. In: Journal of health psychology, 2024, p. 13591053241233509. doi: 10.1177/13591053241233509
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ISSN of the journal1359-1053
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