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Scientific article
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English

Postural impairments in unilateral and bilateral vestibulopathy

Published inFrontiers in neurology, vol. 15, 1324868
Publication date2024-02-21
First online date2024-02-21
Abstract

Chronic imbalance is a major complaint of patients suffering from bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) and is often reported by patients with chronic unilateral vestibulopathy (UV), leading to increased risk of falling. We used the Central SensoriMotor Integration (CSMI) test, which evaluates sensory integration, time delay, and motor activation contributions to standing balance control, to determine whether CSMI measures could distinguish between healthy control (HC), UV, and BV subjects and to characterize vestibular, proprioceptive, and visual contributions expressed as sensory weights. We also hypothesized that sensory weight values would be associated with the results of vestibular assessments (vestibulo ocular reflex tests and Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores). Twenty HCs, 15 UVs and 17 BVs performed three CSMI conditions evoking sway in response to pseudorandom (1) surface tilts with eyes open or, (2) surface tilts with eyes closed, and (3) visual surround tilts. Proprioceptive weights were identified in surface tilt conditions and visual weights were identified in the visual tilt condition. BVs relied significantly more on proprioception. There was no overlap in proprioceptive weights between BV and HC subjects and minimal overlap between UV and BV subjects in the eyes-closed surface-tilt condition. Additionally, visual sensory weights were greater in BVs and were similarly able to distinguish BV from HC and UV subjects. We found no significant correlations between sensory weights and the results of vestibular assessments. Sensory weights from CSMI testing could provide a useful measure for diagnosing and for objectively evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation efforts and future treatments designed to restore vestibular function such as hair cell regeneration and vestibular implants.

eng
Keywords
  • Balance
  • Bilateral vestibulopathy
  • Posturography
  • Sensory integration
  • Unilateral vestibulopathy
  • Vestibular
Citation (ISO format)
CORRE, Julie et al. Postural impairments in unilateral and bilateral vestibulopathy. In: Frontiers in neurology, 2024, vol. 15, p. 1324868. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2024.1324868
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ISSN of the journal1664-2295
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