Scientific article
Open access

Addressing Non-Communicable Diseases in Primary Healthcare in Kyrgyzstan : A Study on Population' Knowledge and Behavioral Changes

Published inInternational journal of public health, vol. 68, 1605381
Publication date2023
First online date2023-07-04

Objective:Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Kyrgyzstan are responsible for 83% of all deaths. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of WHO "Package of Essential Interventions on NCDs" (PEN) on health education and counselling at primary healthcare in Kyrgyzstan.Methods:Interventions consisted of information diffusion in primary care facilities and in communities by trained volunteers. The study aimed to assess the evolution of population's knowledge and behaviour through a questionnaire applying a quasi-experimental approach. The sample size was 2,000 at baseline and after 4 years in intervention and control oblasts.Results:Population's knowledge and behaviour improved in intervention areas compared to control areas. Knowledge on NCD-related risks increased from 61% to 87%. Behaviour improved with physical activity increasing from 23% to 32%; smokers reduced from 22% to 20%; alcohol consumption reduced from 23% to 16%; daily walking (minimum 30') improved from 40% to 71%.Conclusion:This study suggests that the PEN-protocol is effective in improving healthy behaviour, thus potentially contributing to prevent NCDs. This example from Kyrgyzstan provides a practical example for promoting PEN-protocol adaptation in other countries.

  • NCDs
  • PEN-protocol
  • Behaviour change
  • Health education
  • Primary healthcare
  • Humans
  • Noncommunicable Diseases / prevention & control
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Education
  • Primary Health Care
Citation (ISO format)
MURATALIEVA, Elvira et al. Addressing Non-Communicable Diseases in Primary Healthcare in Kyrgyzstan : A Study on Population” Knowledge and Behavioral Changes. In: International journal of public health, 2023, vol. 68, p. 1605381. doi: 10.3389/ijph.2023.1605381
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1661-8556

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