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Scientific article
Open access
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Early urine output monitoring in very preterm infants to predict in-hospital neonatal outcomes : a bicentric retrospective cohort study

Published inBMJ open, vol. 13, no. 1, e068300
Publication date2023-01-27
First online date2023-01-27
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether urine output (UO), rarely assessed in the literature, is associated with relevant neonatal outcomes in very preterm infants, and which UO threshold may be the most clinically relevant.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Two Level IV neonatal intensive care units.

Patients: Very preterm infants born between 240/7and 296/7weeks of gestation documented with eight UO measurements per day between postnatal day 1 and day 7.

Main outcome measures: Composite outcome defined as death before discharge, or moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or severe brain lesions. The association between this outcome and UO was studied using several UO thresholds.

Results: Among 532 infants studied, UO <1.0 mL/kg/hour for at least 24 consecutive hours was measured in 55/532 (10%) infants and the primary outcome was recorded in 25 patients. The association between a UO threshold <1.0 mL/kg/hour and the primary outcome was found marginally significant (crude OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.02 to 3.16, p=0.04). The primary outcome was recorded in 112/242 (46%) patients with a UO <2.0 mL/kg/hour and only 64/290 (22%) patients with a UO ≥2.0 mL/kg/hour (p<0.001). This UO threshold was found significantly associated with the primary outcome (crude OR 3.1, 95% CI 2.1 to 4.7, p<0.001), an association confirmed using a multivariate logistic regression model including baseline covariates (adjusted OR 3.7, 95% CI 2.2 to 6.4, p<0.001).

Conclusion: A UO <2 mL/kg/hour over 24 hours between postnatal day 1 and day 7 strongly predicts neonatal mortality or severe morbidities in very preterm infants.

eng
Keywords
  • Acute renal failure
  • Kidney & urinary tract disorders
  • NEONATOLOGY
  • Neonatal intensive & critical care
  • Nephrology
  • Infant
  • Female
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Citation (ISO format)
DE MUL, Aurélie et al. Early urine output monitoring in very preterm infants to predict in-hospital neonatal outcomes : a bicentric retrospective cohort study. In: BMJ open, 2023, vol. 13, n° 1, p. e068300. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-068300
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2044-6055
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