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Scientific article
Open access
English

Conjugative transposition of the vancomycin resistance carrying Tn1549: enzymatic requirements and target site preferences

Published inMolecular microbiology, vol. 107, no. 5, p. 639-658
Publication date2018-02-20
First online date2018-01-18
Abstract

Rapid spread of resistance to vancomycin has generated difficult to treat bacterial pathogens worldwide. Though vancomycin resistance is often conferred by the conjugative transposon Tn 1549 , it is yet unclear whether Tn 1549 moves actively between bacteria. Here we demonstrate, through development of an in vivo assay system, that a mini‐Tn 1549 can transpose in E. coli away from its natural Gram‐positive host. We find the transposon‐encoded INT enzyme and its catalytic tyrosine Y380 to be essential for transposition. A second Tn 1549 protein, XIS is important for efficient and accurate transposition. We further show that DNA flanking the left transposon end is critical for excision, with changes to nucleotides 7 and 9 impairing movement. These mutations could be partially compensated for by changing the final nucleotide of the right transposon end, implying concerted excision of the two ends. With changes in these essential DNA sequences, or without XIS, a large amount of flanking DNA transposes with Tn 1549 . This rescues mobility and allows the transposon to capture and transfer flanking genomic DNA. We further identify the transposon integration target sites as TTTT‐N6‐AAAA. Overall, our results provide molecular insights into conjugative transposition and the adaptability of Tn 1549 for efficient antibiotic resistance transfer.

eng
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Funding
  • European Commission - EMBL Interdisciplinary Postdocs 2 [291772]
Citation (ISO format)
LAMBERTSEN, Lotte et al. Conjugative transposition of the vancomycin resistance carrying Tn<i>1549</i>: enzymatic requirements and target site preferences. In: Molecular microbiology, 2018, vol. 107, n° 5, p. 639–658. doi: 10.1111/mmi.13905
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ISSN of the journal0950-382X
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