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Scientific article
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Benchtop evaluation of a double stent retriever thrombectomy technique for acute ischemic stroke treatment

Published inInterventional neuroradiology, 15910199231179846
Publication date2023-07-06
First online date2023-07-06
Abstract

Background and purpose: A mechanical thrombectomy technique using a double stent retriever approach has been reported for the treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to perform a benchtop evaluation of the mechanism of action and efficacy of a double-stent retriever approach compared to a single-stent retriever approach.

Materials and methods: In vitro, mechanical thrombectomy procedures were performed in a vascular phantom reproducing an M1-M2 occlusion with two different clot analog consistencies (soft and hard). We compared the double stent retriever approach to the single stent retriever approach and recorded the recanalization rate, distal embolization, and retrieval forces of each mechanical thrombectomy procedure.

Results: The double stent retriever approach achieved a higher recanalization rate and lower embolic complications compared to the single stent retriever approach. This seems to stem from two facts: the greater probability of targeting the correct artery with two stents in the case of bifurcation occlusion, and an improved clot capture mechanism using the double stent retriever approach. However, the double stent retriever was associated with an increased initial retrieval force.

Conclusions: In vitro evaluation of the mechanism of action of the double stent retriever provided explanations that appear to support the high efficacy of such an approach in patient cohorts and could help operators when selecting the optimal mechanical thrombectomy strategy in cases of arterial occlusions difficult to treat with a single stent retriever.

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Keywords
  • Stroke
  • Efficacy
  • In vitro
  • Mechanical thrombectomy
  • Stent retriever
Citation (ISO format)
HOFMEISTER, Jérémy et al. Benchtop evaluation of a double stent retriever thrombectomy technique for acute ischemic stroke treatment. In: Interventional neuroradiology, 2023, p. 15910199231179846. doi: 10.1177/15910199231179846
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ISSN of the journal1591-0199
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