en
Doctoral thesis
English

The Entanglement of Daily Fundraising Practices: The Perspective of Jordanian NGOs in the Aid Sector

Imprimatur date2024
Defense date2024
Abstract

The localization of aid has gained prominence since the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016, calling for a shift towards more localized aid interventions and increased decision-making power for local actors. Local NGOs, as the quintessential local actors in the aid sector, have been placed on a pedestal since the rise of neoliberal policies in the 1990s. The World Humanitarian Summit orchestrated this shift through changes in funding schemes, which play a crucial role in the dynamics of the aid sector and serve as the primary income source for local actors. However, the availability of international funding is intertwined with complex relationships, constraints, and norms.

This thesis explores how the localization of aid is implemented by examining how local NGOs in Jordan navigate the funding process and how it enables them to exercise agency and decision-making power. If local NGOs are among the ‘big winners’ of the Grand Bargain, how can their financial mechanisms provide them with the necessary means to take on more decision-making power? Drawing on a theoretical framework informed by the sociology of organizations and Science and Technology Studies (STS), I compare the strategies and practices of two local NGOs in their interactions with external actors and their day-to-day operations. Through participant observation, interviews, and document analysis, I investigate the techniques employed by these NGOs in developing project proposals and budgets, as well as the challenges they face in securing financial sustainability.

Operating in an uncertain and unpredictable context, these local NGOs employ various strategies to attract institutional funding and ensure organizational independence. Interorganizational ties play a crucial role in accessing funding, as the attribution of funds is often arbitrary and difficult to predict. Additionally, local NGOs exercise agency by seeking grants that cover administrative costs, even when such costs are not explicitly funded by donors. Balancing costs for activities and organizational sustainability becomes the responsibility of local NGOs.

This research highlights how the funding schemes of the aid sector shape the methods, norms, and rules that govern aid implementation. The expectations and requirements embedded in these funding schemes influence how local NGOs develop proposals and navigate the fundraising process.

Based on the findings, four conditions are identified that can enhance the agency of local NGOs and advance the localization of aid. Firstly, ensuring that local NGOs receive a fair share of overhead or administrative expense coverage. Secondly, involving local NGOs in the development of calls for proposals. Thirdly, reducing the level of compliance mechanisms. Lastly, fostering equitable relationships between donors, INGOs, and local NGOs. By addressing these conditions, the aid sector can move closer to achieving its goal of localization, empowering local NGOs to play a more prominent role in decision-making and ensuring a more equitable and effective delivery of aid.

eng
Keywords
  • Localization of aid
  • NGOs
  • Sociology of organizations
  • Jordan
  • Fundraising strategies
Citation (ISO format)
DUPRAS, Alexandrine. The Entanglement of Daily Fundraising Practices: The Perspective of Jordanian NGOs in the Aid Sector. 2024. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:175114
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Thesis
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Creation02/19/2024 1:25:04 PM
First validation02/26/2024 3:15:10 PM
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