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Scientific article
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Open access
English

Transmission of chromatin states across generations in C. elegans

Published inSeminars in cell & developmental biology, vol. 127, p. 133-141
Publication date2022-07
Abstract

Epigenetic inheritance refers to the transmission of phenotypes across generations without affecting the genomic DNA sequence. Even though it has been documented in many species in fungi, animals and plants, the mechanisms underlying epigenetic inheritance are not fully uncovered. Epialleles, the heritable units of epigenetic information, can take the form of several biomolecules, including histones and their post-translational modifications (PTMs). Here, we review the recent advances in the understanding of the transmission of histone variants and histone PTM patterns across generations in C. elegans. We provide a general overview of the intergenerational and transgenerational inheritance of histone PTMs and their modifiers and discuss the interplay among different histone PTMs. We also evaluate soma-germ line communication and its impact on the inheritance of epigenetic traits.

eng
Keywords
  • C. elegans
  • Chromatin
  • Epigenetics
  • Histone modifications
  • Histone variants
  • Inheritance
Citation (ISO format)
OZDEMIR, Isa, STEINER, Florian. Transmission of chromatin states across generations in C. elegans. In: Seminars in cell & developmental biology, 2022, vol. 127, p. 133–141. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2021.11.008
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ISSN of the journal1084-9521
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