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Scientific article
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Mercury species induce metabolic reprogramming in freshwater diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana

Published inJournal of hazardous materials, 133245
Publication date2023-12
Abstract

Mercury is a hazardous pollutant of global concern. While advances have been made in identifying the detrimental effects caused by Hg species in phytoplankton, knowledge gaps remain regarding the metabolomic perturbations induced by inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) and monomethylmercury (MeHg) in these organisms. Diatoms represent a major phytoplankton group essential in various global biogeochemical cycles. The current study combined targeted metabolomics, bioaccumulation, and physiological response assays to investigate metabolic perturbations in diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana exposed for 2 h to nanomolar concentrations of Hg(II) and MeHg. Our findings highlight that such exposures induce reprogramming of the metabolism of amino acids, nucleotides, fatty acids, carboxylic acids and antioxidants. These alterations were primarily mercury-species dependent. MeHg exposure induced more pronounced reprogramming of the metabolism of diatoms than Hg(II), which led to less pronounced effects on ROS generation, membrane permeability and chlorophyll concentrations. Hg(II) treatments presented distinct physiological responses, with more robust metabolic perturbations at higher exposures. The present study provides first-time insights into the main metabolic alterations in diatom C. meneghiniana during short-term exposure to Hg species, deepening our understanding of the molecular basis of these perturbations.

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Keywords
  • Inorganic mercury
  • Methylmercury
  • Diatoms
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Metabolomics
  • Biological endpoints
Citation (ISO format)
SANTOS, João et al. Mercury species induce metabolic reprogramming in freshwater diatom <i>Cyclotella meneghiniana</i>. In: Journal of hazardous materials, 2023, p. 133245. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.133245
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ISSN of the journal0304-3894
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