Scientific article
Open access

Campaign Effects in Direct-Democratic Votes in Switzerland

Published inJournal of elections, public opinion and parties, vol. 21, no. 3, p. 333-357
Publication date2011

The purpose of this article is to analyse the conditions under which referendum campaigns have an impact on voting choices. Based on a model of opinion formation that integrates both campaign effects and partisan effects, we argue that campaign effects vary according to the context of the popular vote (size and type of conflict among the party elite and intensity and direction of the referendum campaign). We test our hypotheses with two-step estimations for hierarchical models on data covering 25 popular votes on foreign, European and immigration policy in Switzerland. Our results show strong campaign effects and they suggest that their strength and nature are indeed highly conditional on the context of the vote: the type of party coalition pre-structures the patterns of individual voting choices, campaign effects are higher when the campaign is highly intense and they are more symmetric when it is balanced.

  • Direct democracy
  • Switzerland
  • Voting behavior
  • Campaign effects
Citation (ISO format)
SCIARINI, Pascal, TRESCH, Anke Daniela. Campaign Effects in Direct-Democratic Votes in Switzerland. In: Journal of elections, public opinion and parties, 2011, vol. 21, n° 3, p. 333–357. doi: 10.1080/17457289.2011.588334
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal1745-7289

Technical informations

Creation10/20/2011 3:07:00 PM
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