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Scientific article
Open access
English

"My motivation was to save": a qualitative study exploring factors influencing motivation of community healthcare workers in a cervical cancer screening program in Dschang, Cameroon

Published inReproductive health, vol. 19, no. 1, 133
Publication date2022-06-06
First online date2022-06-06
Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is a major public health issue among women in Cameroon and uptake of screening programs remains a challenge in many low- and middle-income countries. Community healthcare workers can play an important role in promoting cervical cancer services. This study aimed to explore factors affecting the motivation of community healthcare workers in a cervical cancer screening program in Dschang, Cameroon.

Methods: A qualitative approach including 11 in-depth individual interviews with community healthcare workers was used. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and coded using thematic analysis assisted by ATLAS.ti software.

Results: Four women and seven men aged between 21 and 77 years old were interviewed. Community healthcare workers had high motivation. Factors affecting motivation were divided into individual and environmental level, based on a theoretical framework. Factors with a positive influence on motivation were mainly on the individual side while impeding factors were mainly associated with the environmental level.

Conclusions: Key interventions to improve motivation among community healthcare workers include: (i) more training and supportive supervision; (ii) evaluation of remuneration systems by workload; and (iii) provision of job-enabling resources such as uniforms, cellphone cards and transport.

Trial registration: Geneva Cantonal Ethics Committee on Human Research (No. 2017-01110) and the Cameroonian National Ethics Committee for Human Health Research (No. 2018/07/1083/CE/CNERSH/SP).

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Keywords
  • Cameroon
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervical cancer screening program
  • Community healthcare workers
  • Motivation
  • Qualitative study
  • Retention
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Community Health Services
  • Community Health Workers
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Qualitative Research
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
HAEMMERLI, Pauline et al. ‘My motivation was to save’: a qualitative study exploring factors influencing motivation of community healthcare workers in a cervical cancer screening program in Dschang, Cameroon. In: Reproductive health, 2022, vol. 19, n° 1, p. 133. doi: 10.1186/s12978-022-01420-y
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ISSN of the journal1742-4755
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