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Aromatic Plants of French Polynesia. I. Constituents of the Essential Oils of Rhizomes of Three Zingiberaceae: Zingiber zerumbet Smith, Hedychium coronarium Koenig and Etlingera cevuga Smith

Published inThe Journal of essential oil research, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 55-59
Publication date1993-01
Abstract

The essential oils from the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet, Hedychium coronarium and Etlingera cevuga from Tahiti Island were studied by capillary GC and GC/MS. The oil of Z. zerumbet was found to be rich in oxygenated derivatives of α-humulene, in particular zerumbone (65.3%), while H. coronium oil contained β-pinene (24.8%) and 1, 8-cineole (40.2%) as major constituents. The oil of E. cevuga possessed a characteristic chemical composition where methyl eugenol (47.4%) and (Z)- and (E)-methyl isoeugenol (18.8%) together accounted for more than 60% of the oil.

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Keywords
  • Essential oil
  • Zingiber zerumbet
  • Hedychium coronarium
  • Etlingera cevuga
  • Zingiberaceae
  • Rhizome oils
  • Essential oil composition
  • 1, 8-cineole
  • Zerumbone
  • Methyl eugenol
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
LECHAT-VAHIRUA, Isabelle et al. Aromatic Plants of French Polynesia. I. Constituents of the Essential Oils of Rhizomes of Three Zingiberaceae: <i>Zingiber zerumbet</i> Smith, <i>Hedychium coronarium</i> Koenig and <i>Etlingera cevuga</i> Smith. In: The Journal of essential oil research, 1993, vol. 5, n° 1, p. 55–59. doi: 10.1080/10412905.1993.9698170
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ISSN of the journal1041-2905
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