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Barium isotope fractionation in the global barium cycle: First evidence from barium minerals and precipitation experiments

Böttcher, Michael E.
Nägler, Thomas F.
Published in Chemical Geology. 2010, vol. 277, no. 1-2, p. 70-77
Abstract In this study, we present first results from an ongoing investigation on the stable barium (Ba) isotope fractionation in the natural barium cycle. Stable Ba isotope signatures of international IAEA reference materials (synthetic barium sulfate, IAEA-SO-5, -6, and barium carbonate, IAEA-CO-9), natural Ba minerals and experimental Ba precipitates have been analyzed as a first approach to evaluate potential discriminating processes in the global geochemical barium cycle. Measurements were carried out on a multi-collector ICP-MS applying a (130)Ba/(138)Ba double spike. Data are expressed as per mil deviation from a laboratory Ba nitrate standard solution in the delta(137)/(134)Ba notation (external 2 sigma stdev <0.1%.). Whereas the various synthetic solid standards and a synthetic barium chloride show very similar isotope results close to the nitrate standard solution, the terrestrial barium gangue minerals (four barites, one norsethite [BaMg(CO(3))(2)]) were close to, or depleted in the heavy isotope (delta(137/134)Ba values down to -0.2%.), compared to the standard solution. A natural barite from China derived from a mineral collection gave an isotope value of -0.4%.. High delta(34)S and delta(18)O ratios in this sample point to a formation under influence of microbial sulfate reduction, probably in a marine environment of sedimentary exhalative or diagenetic origin. A value of delta(137/134)Ba = -0.5% was found in a diagenetic barite sample from ODP Leg 207. The observed natural discriminations are clearly larger than the analytical uncertainty of the stable isotope measurements, indicating significant isotope discrimination in the natural barium cycle. Precipitation experiments from aqueous barium chloride solutions at temperatures of similar to 21 degrees C and 80 degrees C indicate that the light Ba isotope is enriched in pure barium carbonate and barium sulfate compared to the aqueous solution. A maximum isotope fractionation of -0.3% is observed for both barium carbonate and sulfate, that - in the case of BaCO(3) - seems to be influenced by precipitation rate and/or the aqueous speciation, but less by temperature.
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Research group Sedimentology, Biostratigraphy and Micropaleontology
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VON ALLMEN, Katja et al. Barium isotope fractionation in the global barium cycle: First evidence from barium minerals and precipitation experiments. In: Chemical Geology, 2010, vol. 277, n° 1-2, p. 70-77. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:17175

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Deposited on : 2011-10-17

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