Scientific article
Open access

18 kDa Translocator Protein TSPO Is a Mediator of Astrocyte Reactivity

Published inACS omega, vol. 8, no. 34, p. 31225-31236
Publication date2023-08-15
First online date2023-08-15

An increase in astrocyte reactivity has been described in Alzheimer’s disease and seems to be related to the presence of a pro-inflammatory environment. Reactive astrocytes show an increase in the density of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO), but TSPO involvement in astrocyte functions remains poorly understood. The goal of this study was to better characterize the mechanisms leading to the increase in TSPO under inflammatory conditions and the associated consequences. For this purpose, the C6 astrocytic cell line was used in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or TSPO overexpression mediated by the transfection of a plasmid encoding TSPO. The results show that nonlethal doses of LPS induced TSPO expression at mRNA and protein levels through a STAT3-dependent mechanism and increased the number of mitochondria per cell. LPS stimulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and decreased glucose consumption (quantified by the [18F]FDG uptake), and these effects were diminished by FEPPA, a TSPO antagonist. The transfection-mediated overexpression of TSPO induced ROS production, and this effect was blocked by FEPPA. In addition, a synergistic effect of overexpression of TSPO and LPS on ROS production was observed. These data show that the increase of TSPO in astrocytic cells is involved in the regulation of glucose metabolism and in the pro-inflammatory response. These data suggest that the overexpression of TSPO by astrocytes in Alzheimer’s disease would have rather deleterious effects by promoting the pro-inflammatory response.

  • Central nervous system
  • Genetics
  • Nervous system diseases
  • Peptides and proteins
  • Students
Citation (ISO format)
TOURNIER, Benjamin et al. 18 kDa Translocator Protein TSPO Is a Mediator of Astrocyte Reactivity. In: ACS omega, 2023, vol. 8, n° 34, p. 31225–31236. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.3c03368
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ISSN of the journal2470-1343

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