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Binding of 239Pu and 90Sr to Organic Colloids in Soil Solutions: Evidence from a Field Experiment

Chawla, Fabienne
Hassouna, Mohammad
Froidevaux, Pascal
Published in Environmental Science & Technology. 2010, vol. 44, no. 22, p. 8509-8514
Abstract Colloidal transport has been shown to enhance the migration of plutonium in groundwater down stream from contaminated sites, but little is known about the adsorption of 90Sr and plutonium onto colloids in the soil solution of natural soils. We sampled soil solutions using suction cups, and separated colloids using ultrafiltration to determine the distribution of 239Pu and 90Sr between the truly dissolved fraction and the colloidal fraction of the solutions of three Alpine soils contaminated only by global fallout from the nuclear weapon tests. Plutonium was essentially found in the colloidal fraction (>80%) and probably associated with organic matter. A significant amount of colloidal 90Sr was detected in organic-rich soil solutions. Our results suggest that binding to organic colloids in the soil solutions plays a key role with respect to the mobility of plutonium in natural alpine soils and, to a lesser extent, to the mobility of 90Sr.
Keywords PlutoniumStrontiumVal PioraColloid
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CHAWLA, Fabienne et al. Binding of 239Pu and 90Sr to Organic Colloids in Soil Solutions: Evidence from a Field Experiment. In: Environmental Science & Technology, 2010, vol. 44, n° 22, p. 8509-8514. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:16899

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Deposited on : 2011-09-13

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