Scientific article
Open access

Impact of blended learning on manual defibrillator's use: A simulation-based randomized trial

Published inNursing in critical care, vol. 27, no. 4, p. 501-511
Publication date2022-07
First online date2021-09-13

Background: Blended learning, defined as the combination of traditional face-to-face instructor-led learning and e-learning course, has never been validated as a teaching method for the effective use of manual defibrillators in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Aim: To evaluate whether paediatric emergency and critical care providers exposed to a blended learning session performed better and recalled more defibrillator skills than those exposed to face-to-face learning only.

Study design: A two-period prospective, stratified, single-centre, simulation-based, randomized, controlled trial.

Methods: Registered nurses and postgraduate residents from either a paediatric emergency department or an intensive care unit were randomly assigned to a blended learning or face-to-face learning sessions on the recommended use of a manual defibrillator. Participants' adherence to recommendations was assessed by testing defibrillator skills in three consecutive paediatric cardiopulmonary scenarios performed on the day of the training and once again 2 months later. The primary endpoint was the number of errors observed during defibrillation, cardioversion, and transcutaneous pacing at the time of the initial intervention.

Results: Fifty participants were randomized to receive the intervention and 51 to the control group. When pooling all three procedures, the median total errors per participant was lower (2 [IQR: 1-4]) in providers exposed to blended learning than in those exposed to face-to-face learning only (3 [IQR: 2-5]; P = .06). The median of total errors per procedure was also lower. However, both training methods appeared insufficient to maintain appropriate skill retention over time as a repetition of procedures 2 months later without any refresher learning session yielded more errors in both groups.

Conclusions: Learners exposed to blended learning showed a reduced number in the total amount of errors compared with those exposed to face-to-face learning alone, with waning of skills over time.

Relevance to clinical practice: Proficiently teaching the use of a manual defibrillator can be performed through blended learning.

  • Blended learning
  • Defibrillator
  • Education
  • Educational technology
  • Emergency medicine
  • Nursing
  • Paediatrics
  • Child
  • Clinical Competence
  • Defibrillators
  • Educational Measurement
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Prospective Studies
Citation (ISO format)
SIEBERT, Johan et al. Impact of blended learning on manual defibrillator’s use: A simulation-based randomized trial. In: Nursing in critical care, 2022, vol. 27, n° 4, p. 501–511. doi: 10.1111/nicc.12713
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ISSN of the journal1362-1017

Technical informations

Creation09/06/2022 10:32:35 AM
First validation05/02/2023 4:03:23 PM
Update time05/02/2023 4:03:23 PM
Status update05/02/2023 4:03:23 PM
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