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In vitro evaluation of how the presence of the stent retriever and microcatheter influences aspiration parameters in thrombectomy according to their position inside the aspiration catheter

Published inInterventional neuroradiology, 159101992211350
Publication date2022-11-08
First online date2022-11-08
Abstract

Background: Several variations of the combined thrombectomy technique for acute ischemic stroke using a stent retriever and aspiration catheter have been described. The aim of our study was to assess how the presence of the microcatheter and stent retriever affect the basic aspiration parameters, namely, flow rate and aspiration force, depending on their position within the aspiration catheter.

Methods: Two experimental set-ups were designed to assess changes in flow rate and aspiration force according to the position of the stent retriever and microcatheter within the aspiration catheter.

Results: The transition of the stent retriever and microcatheter from the distal to proximal position resulted in a progressive increase in the flow rate, but with no impact on aspiration force. Additionally, the size of the stent retriever had no significant effect on flow rate changes and the reduction in flow rate was related to the microcatheter diameter. Negative pressure generated inside the aspiration catheter impacted on its distal segment located beyond the radiopaque marker, thus leading to its partial collapse. As a consequence, the measured aspiration force was lower than the theoretical aspiration force level for all tested aspiration catheters.

Conclusions: In our experimental model, the position of the stent retriever and microcatheter within the aspirator catheter affected the flow rate, but not the aspiration force. Negative pressure generated within the aspiration catheter appeared to determine a partial collapse of the distal segment that resulted in a less effective aspiration force than the theoretical aspiration force level.

eng
Keywords
  • Stroke
  • Aspiration catheter
  • Stentriever
  • Microcatheter
Citation (ISO format)
BERNAVA, Gianmarco et al. <i>In vitro</i> evaluation of how the presence of the stent retriever and microcatheter influences aspiration parameters in thrombectomy according to their position inside the aspiration catheter. In: Interventional neuroradiology, 2022, p. 159101992211350. doi: 10.1177/15910199221135040
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1591-0199
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Technical informations

Creation11/18/2022 9:58:00 AM
First validation11/18/2022 9:58:00 AM
Update time03/16/2023 9:02:52 AM
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