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Genomic Diversity of Torque Teno Virus in Blood Samples from Febrile Paediatric Outpatients in Tanzania: A Descriptive Cohort Study

Published inViruses, vol. 14, no. 8, 1612
Publication date2022-07-23
First online date2022-07-23
Abstract

Torque teno virus (TTV) is considered to be an ubiquitous member of the commensal human blood virome commonly reported in mixed genotype co-infections. This study investigates the genomic diversity of TTV in blood samples from 816 febrile Tanzanian children. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing was used to screen for TTV in individual blood samples from a cohort of 816 febrile Tanzanian paediatric outpatients. For positive samples, the number of TTV species and genotypes present were evaluated. We investigate the linear relationship between individual TTV diversity and the patient age by linear regression. TTV was detected in 97.2% of sera. ORF1 analysis revealed the presence of 149 genotypes from 38 species, suggesting the presence of 13 new species. These genotypes were mostly present as co-infections with a median of 11 genotypes/subject (range: 1-71). In terms of species, we found a median of nine species/subject (range: 1-29). We further show a significant association between the diversity of co-detected TTV and the age of the subjects (pvalue < 0.0001). This study shows that significant TTV genomic diversity is acquired by the age of five and that this diversity tends to increase with age, which indicates a repetitive TTV acquisition during the first months/years of life.

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Keywords
  • Children
  • Genomic diversity
  • Torque teno virus
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Coinfection
  • DNA Virus Infections / epidemiology
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Outpatients
  • Tanzania / epidemiology
  • Torque teno virus / genetics
Citation (ISO format)
LAUBSCHER, Florian et al. Genomic Diversity of Torque Teno Virus in Blood Samples from Febrile Paediatric Outpatients in Tanzania: A Descriptive Cohort Study. In: Viruses, 2022, vol. 14, n° 8, p. 1612. doi: 10.3390/v14081612
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1999-4915
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Creation08/24/2022 9:36:00 AM
First validation08/24/2022 9:36:00 AM
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