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Unexpected associations between respiratory viruses and bacteria with Pulmonary Function Testing in children suffering from Cystic Fibrosis (MUCOVIB study)

Published inJournal of cystic fibrosis, vol. 21, no. 2, p. e158-e164
Publication date2022-03
First online date2021-10-29
Abstract

Background: Various bacterial and viral assemblages composing Cystic Fibrosis (CF) lung microbiota contribute to long-term lung function decline over time. Yet, the impact of individual microorganisms on pulmonary functions remains uncertain in children with CF.

Methods: As part of the 'Mucoviscidosis, respiratory VIruses, intracellular Bacteria and fastidious organisms'' project, children with CF were longitudinally followed in a Swiss multicentric study. Respiratory samples included mainly throat swabs and sputa samples for bacterial culture and 16S rRNA metagenomics and nasopharyngeal swabs for respiratory virus detection by molecular assays. Percentage of predicted Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1%) and Lung Clearance Index (LCI) were recorded.

Results: Sixty-one children, of whom 20 (32.8%) presented with at least one pulmonary exacerbation, were included. Almost half of the 363 nasopharyngeal swabs tested by RT-PCR were positive for a respiratory virus, mainly rhinovirus (26.5%). From linear mixed-effects regression models, P. aeruginosa (-11.35, 95%CI [-17.90; -4.80], p = 0.001) was significantly associated with a decreased FEV1%, whereas rhinovirus was associated with a significantly higher FEV1% (+4.24 95%CI [1.67; 6.81], p = 0.001). Compared to conventional culture, 16S rRNA metagenomics showed a sensitivity and specificity of 80.0% and 85.4%, respectively for detection of typical CF pathogens. However, metagenomics detected a bacteria almost twice more often than culture.

Conclusions: As expected, P. aeruginosa impacted negatively on FEV1% while rhinovirus was surprisingly associated with better FEV1%. Culture-free assays identifie significantly more pathogens than standard culture, with disputable clinical correlation.

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Keywords
  • 16S rRNA metagenomics
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Respiratory microbiota
  • Respiratory virus
  • Rhinovirus
  • Bacteria
  • Child
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications
  • Cystic Fibrosis / diagnosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Lung
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Rhinovirus
Citation (ISO format)
SCHERZ, Valentin et al. Unexpected associations between respiratory viruses and bacteria with Pulmonary Function Testing in children suffering from Cystic Fibrosis (MUCOVIB study). In: Journal of cystic fibrosis, 2022, vol. 21, n° 2, p. e158–e164. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2021.10.001
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1569-1993
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Creation08/24/2022 9:00:00 AM
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