Scientific article
Open access

Basic Life Support Knowledge among Junior Medical and Dental Students, Communication Channels, and the COVID-19 Pandemic

Published inMedicina, vol. 58, no. 8, 1073
Publication date2022-08-10
First online date2022-08-10

Background and objective: The prognosis of cardiac arrest victims strongly depends on the prompt provision of Basic Life Support (BLS) maneuvers. Medical students should therefore be proficient in this area, but many lack essential BLS knowledge. The goal of this prospective, closed web-based study was to determine whether a short intervention designed to motivate first-year medical students to follow a blended BLS course could lead to a significant improvement in BLS knowledge in the following year.

Materials and Methods: A fully automated web-based questionnaire was administered to second-year medical students one year after they had been given the opportunity of following a blended BLS course (e-learning and practice session). The primary outcome was the difference, on a 6-question score assessing essential BLS knowledge, between these students and those from the 2020 promotion since the latter had not been offered the optional BLS course.

Results: The score was similar between the two study periods (3.3 ± 0.8 in 2022 vs. 3.0 ± 1.0 in 2020, p = 0.114), but no firm conclusion could be drawn since participation was much lower than expected (17.9% in 2022 vs. 43.7% in 2020, p < 0.001). Therefore, a second questionnaire was created and administered to understand the reasons underlying this low participation.

Conclusions: There was a lack of improvement in BLS knowledge in second-year medical students after the introduction of an optional introductory BLS course in the first-year curriculum, but the limited participation rate precludes drawing definitive conclusions. Ineffective communication appears to be the cause of this low participation rate, but a lack of motivation in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic cannot be ruled out. Corrective actions should be considered to enhance communication, restore motivation, and ultimately improve BLS knowledge among medical and dental students.

  • Basic life support
  • Undergraduate medical education
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Web-based questionnaires
  • COVID-19
  • Communication
Citation (ISO format)
RICCI, Gaëtan et al. Basic Life Support Knowledge among Junior Medical and Dental Students, Communication Channels, and the COVID-19 Pandemic. In: Medicina, 2022, vol. 58, n° 8, p. 1073. doi: 10.3390/medicina58081073
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1010-660X

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