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Scientific article
English

Social Status and Mortality With Activity of Daily Living Disability in Later Life

Publication date2008
Abstract

{Objectives.} The aim of this study was to assess which social status factors predispose a person to dying with activity of daily living (ADL) disability in later life. {Methods.} We followed 243 deceased members of the Swiss Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on the Oldest Old annually up to 8 years before their deaths. Using a multilevel regression, we analyzed age at death, gender, occupational category, and geographic area as potential factors predisposing a person to ending life with ADL disability. {Results.} Disability scores showed a substantial increase as death approached. Individuals from a lower occupational category were at higher risk of ADL disability and experienced a greater functional decline prior to death compared to those from higher occupational categories. {Discussion.} Consistent with the cumulative disadvantage theoretical framework, the health differential between the occupational categories seems to be exacerbated prior to death.

Keywords
  • Activités de la vie quotidienne (AVQ)
  • Etude longitudinale
  • Grande vieillesse
  • Mortalité
Citation (ISO format)
GUILLEY, Edith, LALIVE D’EPINAY, Christian. Social Status and Mortality With Activity of Daily Living Disability in Later Life. In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, 2008, vol. 63B, n° 3, p. 192–196.
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
  • PID : unige:1628
ISSN of the journal1079-5014
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