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Social Status and Mortality With Activity of Daily Living Disability in Later Life

Published in The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. 2008, vol. 63B, no. 3, p. 192-196
Abstract {Objectives.} The aim of this study was to assess which social status factors predispose a person to dying with activity of daily living (ADL) disability in later life. {Methods.} We followed 243 deceased members of the Swiss Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on the Oldest Old annually up to 8 years before their deaths. Using a multilevel regression, we analyzed age at death, gender, occupational category, and geographic area as potential factors predisposing a person to ending life with ADL disability. {Results.} Disability scores showed a substantial increase as death approached. Individuals from a lower occupational category were at higher risk of ADL disability and experienced a greater functional decline prior to death compared to those from higher occupational categories. {Discussion.} Consistent with the cumulative disadvantage theoretical framework, the health differential between the occupational categories seems to be exacerbated prior to death.
Keywords Activités de la vie quotidienne (AVQ)Etude longitudinaleGrande vieillesseMortalité
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GUILLEY, Edith, LALIVE D'EPINAY, Christian. Social Status and Mortality With Activity of Daily Living Disability in Later Life. In: Journals of Gerontology. B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 2008, vol. 63B, n° 3, p. 192-196. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:1628

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Deposited on : 2009-05-13

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