Article (Published version) - Limited access to UNIGE
How are Temporal and Social Comparisons Related to Appraisals of Self-Rated Health During Very Old Age?
|Published in||Swiss Journal of Psychology. 2007, vol. 66, no. 2, p. 79-89|
|Abstract||This study investigated the direction of effects of temporal and downward social comparisons on self-rated health in very old age. Conversely, self-rated health can either reinforce or hinder comparison processes. In the framework of the Swiss Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on the Oldest Old, individuals aged 80 to 84 at baseline were interviewed and followed longitudinally for 5 years. Multilevel analyses were used to test the relative importance of temporal and social comparisons on self-rated health evaluations synchronically and diachronically (with a time lag of 12 to 18 months) as well as the direction of these relative influences. Results indicate that (a) at the synchronic level, continuity temporal comparisons have more impact than downward social comparisons on self-rated health; (b) both types of comparison had an independent and positive effect on self-rated health at the diachronic level; (c) self-rated health has an independent synchronic effect on both types of comparison and an independent diachronic effect in temporal comparison.|
|Keywords||Comparaison sociale — Comparaison temporelle — Etude longitudinale — Grande vieillesse — Santé autoévaluée — Swilsoo|