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Scientific article
Open access
English

Dopaminergic dysfunction in the 3xTg-AD mice model of Alzheimer's disease

Published inScientific reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 19412
Publication date2021-09-30
First online date2021-09-30
Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid (Aβ) protein aggregation and neurofibrillary tangles accumulation, accompanied by neuroinflammation. With all the therapeutic attempts targeting these biomarkers having been unsuccessful, the understanding of early mechanisms involved in the pathology is of paramount importance. Dopaminergic system involvement in AD has been suggested, particularly through the appearance of dopaminergic dysfunction-related neuropsychiatric symptoms and an overall worsening of cognitive and behavioral symptoms. In this study, we reported an early dopaminergic dysfunction in a mouse model presenting both amyloid and Tau pathology. 3xTg-AD mice showed an increase of postsynaptic D2/3R receptors density in the striatum and D2/3-autoreceptors in SN/VTA cell bodies. Functionally, a reduction of anxiety-like behavior, an increase in locomotor activity and D2R hyper-sensitivity to quinpirole stimulation have been observed. In addition, microglial cells in the striatum showed an early inflammatory response, suggesting its participation in dopaminergic alterations. These events are observed at an age when tau accumulation and Aβ deposits in the hippocampus are low. Thus, our results suggest that early dopaminergic dysfunction could have consequences in behavior and cognitive function, and may shed light on future therapeutic pathways of AD.

eng
Keywords
  • Alzheimer Disease / metabolism
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism
  • Tau Proteins / metabolism
Funding
  • Velux foundation - [1123]
Citation (ISO format)
GLORIA, Yesica et al. Dopaminergic dysfunction in the 3xTg-AD mice model of Alzheimer’s disease. In: Scientific reports, 2021, vol. 11, n° 1, p. 19412. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-99025-1
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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