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Scientific article
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Extent of and reasons for discontinuation and nonpublication of interventional trials on connective tissue diseases: an observational study

First online date2022-01-07
Abstract

Objectives: To assess the proportion, the reasons, and the factors associated with discontinuation or nonpublication of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on connective tissue diseases (CTDs).

Methods: We searched all interventional RCTs on CTDs registered in Clinicaltrials.gov since 2000. Two reviewers selected studies according to pre-specified eligibility criteria. Completion status, publication status, reported reasons for discontinuation or nonpublication, were retrieved on Clinicaltrials.gov, through literature search, and by contacting investigators. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with study noncompletion and nonpublication.

Results: We included 175 studies, mostly phase 3, placebo-controlled trials on pharmacologic treatments, recruiting patients with systemic lupus (51%), systemic sclerosis (20%), Sjögren syndrome (12%) or other CTDs. Fifty-eight (33%) had been discontinued, mainly for insufficient patient accrual, with no differences in discontinuation rates across the CTDs (P>0.5). Forty-six (35%) of 130 studies having included at least 1 patient resulted unpublished, and 86 (65%) were published in a peer-reviewed journal after a median of 24 months (IQ 15-41) from completion, with a significant higher publication rate in completed vs. discontinued studies (81% vs 22%; P<0.001). We were able to obtain reasons for nonpublication in one-third of cases. Small sample size (< 100 participants) was the only factor associated with study noncompletion and nonpublication.

Conclusions: One of three registered CTD-RCTs fails to be completed or published. This represents a waste of resources and raises ethical concerns regarding hidden clinical data and unfruitful participation by patients.

eng
Citation (ISO format)
BRIGANTE, Alejandro et al. Extent of and reasons for discontinuation and nonpublication of interventional trials on connective tissue diseases: an observational study. In: Arthritis care & research, 2022. doi: 10.1002/acr.24854
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ISSN of the journal2151-464X
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Technical informations

Creation01/22/2022 7:35:00 PM
First validation01/22/2022 7:35:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 2:28:11 AM
Status update03/16/2023 2:28:10 AM
Last indexation05/06/2024 8:55:55 AM
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