Scientific article
Open access

Do Overcrowding and Turnover Cause Violence in Prison?

Published inFrontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 10, 1015
Publication date2019

Violence is common in prison and its individual risk factors are well documented. However, there is a mixed evidence on the relationship between prison violence and institutional factors, such as overcrowding and turnover, and recent research suggested that these factors may not be important or relevant. This study investigated the association between prison violence and institutional factors in a Swiss pre-trial prison between 2013 and 2018. Measures included violence (assaults requiring immediate medical attention) as well as the annual overcrowding and turnover rates. Using a meta-regression, the results showed that prison violence was higher when overcrowding and turnover increased. Overall, our study highlighted that institutional prison factors might have notable detrimental effects on prison life. Reduction of prison overcrowding and turnover appear critical to reduce prisoners' vulnerability. Turning prison into safe places designed to promote desistance would probably not be achievable without considering these crucial factors.

  • Health policy
  • Forensic
  • Institutional factor
  • Misconduct
  • Public health
  • Prison
Citation (ISO format)
BAGGIO, Stéphanie et al. Do Overcrowding and Turnover Cause Violence in Prison? In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2019, vol. 10, p. 1015. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.01015
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1664-0640

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