Scientific article

Tourism, Gangs and Extortion in Medellin

Publication date2021

The main objective of this article is to look at the way tourism entrepreneurs and gangs share territory in Medellin's burgeoning and unregulated tourism sector. A description of the extortion of tour guides, street-artists and business owners will show that the ‘tourism vacuna' (the ‘vaccine', as extortion is referred to in Colombia) met only limited resistance on the ground. This contribution will then explore how kinship and friendship influence the control of the tourism sector by criminal groups. It will also demonstrate that the take-over of the tourism sector by Medellin's gangs has led to the depoliticization of a practice initially born as a means of resistance to the violence of the barrios. Finally, based on the interweavement of tourism, kinship and extortion, it will call into question the notion of ‘criminal governance'.

  • Colombia
  • Tourism
  • Gangs
  • Criminal Governance
  • Social Anthropology
  • Kinship and Friendship
Citation (ISO format)
NAEF, Patrick James. Tourism, Gangs and Extortion in Medellin. In: Journal of Latin American Studies, 2021.
Main files (1)
Article (Submitted version)
  • PID : unige:153274
ISSN of the journal0022-216X

Technical informations

Creation07/08/2021 12:21:00 PM
First validation07/08/2021 12:21:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 12:56:09 AM
Status update03/16/2023 12:56:08 AM
Last indexation05/06/2024 7:49:43 AM
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