Scientific article
Open access

Assessing the impact of expectations in cognitive training and beyond

Publication date2021

Over the past several decades, empirical and theoretical work has focused on the question of whether it is possible to purposefully improve cognitive functioning through behavioral interventions. Accordingly, a field is emerging around cognitive training, be it through executive function training, video game play, music training, aerobic exercise, or mindfulness meditation. One concern that has been raised regarding the results of this field centers on the potential impact of participants' expectations. Suggestions have been raised that participants may, at least in some cases, show improvements in performance because they expect to improve, rather than because of any mechanisms inherent in the behavioral interventions per se. The present paper discusses the latest views on expectations and the new methodological challenges they raise when considering the effectiveness of behavioral interventions on human behavior, and in particular cognition.

  • Expectations
  • Cognitive training
  • Placebo
  • Associative learning
  • Bayesian combination
Citation (ISO format)
DENKINGER, Sylvie Chantal et al. Assessing the impact of expectations in cognitive training and beyond. In: Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s41465-021-00206-7
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2509-3290

Technical informations

Creation03/23/2021 1:20:00 PM
First validation03/23/2021 1:20:00 PM
Update time03/16/2023 12:24:50 AM
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