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Covid-19 and police violence in the american city: integrating equity in resilience discourses

Year 2021
Abstract Taking Minneapolis and Chicago as examples, the main objective of this article is to look at the way the relation between equity and resilience has evolved during the Covid-19 pandemic and the latest mobilizations against police violence. A first part demonstrates the increasing importance the notion of equity acquired in resilience discourses when the Resilient Cities Network was created as the legacy of 100 Resilient Cities, a program funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. A second part dives deep into the city of Minneapolis, a municipality that was largely instrumental in including the uneven consequences of the pandemic as well as police violence into resilience thinking, especially after the killing of George Floyd in May 2020. A third part takes the opposite approach, demonstrating how the concept of resilience itself was increasingly integrated into the discourse of activists denouncing police violence in Chicago. Finally, a discussion explores the challenges and possibilities implied in the inclusion of equity and police violence in resilience practices and discourses, particularly in member-cities of transnational municipal networks. This article concludes that integrating equity in resilience discourse seeks transformative responses and a repoliticization of the concept. Discourses diffused in Chicago and Minneapolis are based on equity and justice; they demand societal transformations beyond only absorptive and adaptive responses to crisis. Far from being an empty signifier, resilience, it is stated, is characterized by numerous, and sometimes conflicting meanings. Resilience is defined in this study as a social construction: a heterogeneous set of practices, representations and discourses supported by power relations articulated at various scales, from the local to the supranational.
Keywords Urban Resilience100 Resilient CitiesResilient Cities NetworkEquityChicagoMinneapolis
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NAEF, Patrick James. Covid-19 and police violence in the american city: integrating equity in resilience discourses. 2021. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:150695

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Deposited on : 2021-03-29

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