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Killing Childhood: International Criminal Courts, Atrocity Crimes and Children

Defense Thèse de doctorat : Univ. Genève, 2021 - D. 1006 - 2021/02/16
Abstract Children are always among the victims and sometimes also among some responsible when war crimes, crimes against humanity or genocide are committed. This study assesses how different international criminal jurisdictions have considered international crimes committed against or by children. It presents the legal standards pertaining to the protection of children victims of international crimes, as well as of children who allegedly participated in such crimes. It assesses the extent to which several international and hybrid courts have dealt with crimes committed against children, going back in time to the International Military Tribunals of Nuremberg and Tokyo, and then surveying more recent jurisdictions, namely the United Nations-established International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and the International Criminal Court. It proposes an agenda for improvement, with specific recommendations to expand the contributions of international justice for children.
Keywords Justice internationaleJustice internationale pénaleDroit international pénalDroit international des droits humainsDroit international humanitaireJustice transitionnelleEnfance/enfantsDroits des enfantsDroits humainsInternational justiceInternational criminal justiceInternational criminal lawInternational human rights lawInternational humanitarian lawTransitional justiceChildrenChild rightsHuman rights
URN: urn:nbn:ch:unige-1505327
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APTEL, Cécile. Killing Childhood: International Criminal Courts, Atrocity Crimes and Children. Université de Genève. Thèse, 2021. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:150532 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:150532

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Deposited on : 2021-03-22

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