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Scientific article
English

GABAergic modulation of secondary hyperalgesia: A randomized controlled 4-way crossover trial with the α2-subunit preferring GABA positive allosteric modulator, N-desmethyl-clobazam in healthy volunteers

Published inEuropean Journal of Pain, vol. 24, no. 6, p. 1094-1106
Publication date2020
Abstract

The antihyperalgesic and sedative effects of the α2-subunit preferring GABAA positive allosteric modulator (GAM), N-desmethyl-clobazam (NDMC), 20 and 60 mg, were assessed in a randomized, placebo and active-controlled (clonazepam 1,5 mg), 4-way crossover study, in healthy volunteers, using the ultraviolet B-induced experimental pain model. Single (20, 40, 60 mg) and repeated doses (20 mg over 15 days) of NDMC pharmacokinetics were evaluated. Thirty-two subjects participated in the study. Primary outcome parameter was maximal change in the area of cutaneous UVB irradiation-induced secondary hyperalgesia (ASH). ASH decreased under all treatments. Mean (SD) relative change was 79 (22)%, 83 (24)%, 77 (30)% and 92 (16)% for placebo, NDMC20, NDMC60 and clonazepam, respectively. Neither absolute change nor relative change in ASH was significantly different between NDMC60 and placebo (mean difference = 2.3 cm2 [95% CI 4.0-8.5], p = .462 and 0.4% [-11.9 to 12.6], p = .952, respectively). An overall treatment effect was found on level of sedation. Compared to placebo, sedation was higher under clonazepam (mean difference = 39 mm [30-49] on a visual analogue scale, p < .001) while NDMC was free of sedative effect. NDMC pharmacokinetics after single doses showed poor absorption, but was linear. Steady-state plasma concentrations of NDMC20 were attained within 14 days, with low between-subjects variability. Mean steady-state concentration (CS-S , SD) reached 209 (22) ng/ml. NDMC absence of sedative effect and its overall well-characterized safety coming from years of utilization as a metabolite from clobazam, raise the prospect of dose escalating trials in patients to quantify its clinical utility. SIGNIFICANCE: This article, presenting the Phase I data of the new antihyperalgesic compound, α2-subunit GABAA positive allosteric modulator, N-desmethyl-clobazam (NDMC) is exploring the modulation of a new target in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Based on these results and on its preclinical properties NDMC would qualify as a good tool compound to seek confirmation of the clinical utility of selective GABA allosteric modulators in neuropathic pain patients.

Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - Novel approaches to the treatment of chronic pain: translating recent discoveries in painrelated neural plasticity to clinical practice- Na+-channel modulators and subtype-selective GABAA receptor ligands
Citation (ISO format)
MATTHEY, Alain et al. GABAergic modulation of secondary hyperalgesia: A randomized controlled 4-way crossover trial with the α2-subunit preferring GABA positive allosteric modulator, N-desmethyl-clobazam in healthy volunteers. In: European Journal of Pain, 2020, vol. 24, n° 6, p. 1094–1106. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1554
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ISSN of the journal1090-3801
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Creation11/13/2020 10:53:00 AM
First validation11/13/2020 10:53:00 AM
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