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Scientific article
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English

A density gradient centrifugation method for rapid separation of nanoTiO2 and TiO2 aggregates from microalgal cells in complex mixtures with mercury

Published inMethodsX, vol. 7, no. 101057
Publication date2020
Abstract

In natural environment, the microorganisms are exposed to complex mixtures of contaminants, including manufactured nanoparticles and their aggregates. Evaluation of the toxicant accumulation in biota exposed to such cocktails is a challenging task because the microorganisms need to be separated from nanomaterial aggregates often of a comparable size. We propose a method for separation of TiO2 aggregates from green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and subsequent determination of cellular Hg concentration in algae exposed to mixture of Hg with nanoTiO2, known also to adsorb Hg. The method is based on differences in specific weight of algae and TiO2 aggregates, using medium speed centrifugation on a step gradient of sucrose. The efficiency of the separation method was tested with nanoTiO2 of three different primary sizes at four concentrations: 2, 20, 100 and 200 mg L−1. The method gives a possibility to separate nanoTiO2 and their aggregates from the algae with a mean recovery of 83.3% of algal cells, thus allowing a reliable determination of Hg accumulation by microalgae when co-exposed to Hg and nanoTiO2. • A rapid and reliable method to separate algal cells and nanoparticle aggregates of comparable size. • A method to measure the cellular amount of Hg in green alga co-exposed to Hg and nanoTiO2

Keywords
  • Green microalgae
  • Nanoparticles
  • Density gradient centrifugation
  • Mixtures
Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - 166089
  • Autre - 2016[3100]
Citation (ISO format)
LI, Mengting, SLAVEYKOVA, Vera. A density gradient centrifugation method for rapid separation of nanoTiO<sub>2</sub> and TiO<sub>2</sub> aggregates from microalgal cells in complex mixtures with mercury. In: MethodsX, 2020, vol. 7, n° 101057. doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2020.101057
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2215-0161
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Technical informations

Creation09/25/2020 12:07:00 PM
First validation09/25/2020 12:07:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 10:37:54 PM
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