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Fibronectin Gene Expression in Proliferating, Quiescent, and SV40-Infected Mouse Kidney Cells

Khandjian, Edouard W.
Tremblay, Sandra
Published in Experimental cell research. 1992, vol. 202, no. 2, p. 464-470
Abstract To study alterations in cellular gene expression in mouse kidney cell cultures infected with simian virus 40 (SV40) or polyomavirus, we performed a differential screening of a mouse kidney cDNA library with probes prepared from mRNAs of virus-infected and mock-infected cells. We isolated and characterized cDNA recombinant pKT13 which detected increased mRNA levels in infected cells. Sequence analysis of pKT13 revealed close to 100% homology with the 3′-end of mouse fibronectin (FN) mRNA. Since primary cultures of baby mouse kidney cells have been extensively characterized in our laboratories, we studied FN gene expression at different stages of uninfected and virus-infected cultures. High levels of FN and of its mRNA were found in the kidneys of suckling mice, while in primary cultures of proliferating epithelial kidney cells the expression of FN was very low until the cultures became confluent. Thereafter FN increased and reached high levels in cells which were irreversibly arrested in phase G0 and which had apparently exhausted their finite division potential. Infection of confluent cultures with polyomavirus or SV40 resulted in a further stimulation of FN gene expression. However, during abortive infection with SV40, FN mRNA and FN levels decreased with emergence of transformed cells and were low in an established SV40-transformed mouse kidney cell line. These changes in FN gene expression suggest that high levels of FN might be indicative in vivo for terminal differentiation and in vitro for cellular senescence.
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Swiss National Science Foundation: 3.403.086
Swiss National Science Foundation: 31-26332.89
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KHANDJIAN, Edouard W. et al. Fibronectin Gene Expression in Proliferating, Quiescent, and SV40-Infected Mouse Kidney Cells. In: Experimental Cell Research, 1992, vol. 202, n° 2, p. 464-470. doi: 10.1016/0014-4827(92)90100-M https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:138554

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