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Brain networks mediating the influence of background music on selective attention

Published in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2019, vol. 14, no. 12, p. 1441-1452
Abstract Prevalent across societies and times, music has the ability to enhance attention, a property relevant to clinical applications, but the underlying brain mechanisms remain unknown. It is also unclear whether music produces similar or differential effects with advancing age. Here, we used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the influence of music exposure evoking four types of emotions on distinct attentional components measured with a modified attention network test, across 19 young (21 ± 2.6) and 33 old participants (72 ± 5.4). We then determined whether music-related effects differed across age groups and whether they were associated with particular acoustic features. Background music during selective attention requiring distractor conflict resolution was associated with faster response times and greater activations of fronto-parietal areas during happy and high-arousing music, whereas sad and low-valence music was associated with slower responses and greater occipital recruitment. Shifting and altering components of attention were unaffected. The influence of music on performance and brain networks was similar between age groups. These behavioral and neuroimaging results demonstrate the importance of affective music dimensions, particularly arousal, in enhancing selective attention processes. This study adds novel support to the benefits of music in the rehabilitation of attention functions.
Keywords Acoustic featuresAgingEmotionExecutive controlFMRINeuroimaging
PMID: 31993668
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Research group Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
Swiss National Science Foundation: P1GEP3_161687
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FERNANDEZ CLARES, Natalia, TROST, Johanna Wiebke, VUILLEUMIER, Patrik. Brain networks mediating the influence of background music on selective attention. In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 14, n° 12, p. 1441-1452. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsaa004 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:137982

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Deposited on : 2020-06-26

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