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Influence of systematic variations of the stimulation profile on responses evoked with a vestibular implant prototype in humans

Nguyen, T. A. Khoa
Kingma, Herman
van de Berg, Raymond
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Published in Journal of Neural Engineering. 2020, vol. 17, no. 3, 036027
Abstract Objective: To explore the impact of different electrical stimulation profiles in human recipients of the Geneva-Maastricht vestibular implant prototypes. Approach: Four implanted patients were recruited for this study. We investigated the relative efficacy of systematic variations of the electrical stimulus profile (phase duration, pulse rate, baseline level, modulation depth) in evoking vestibulo-ocular (eVOR) and perceptual responses. Main results: Shorter phase durations and, to a lesser extent, slower pulse rates allowed maximizing the electrical dynamic range available for eliciting a wider range of intensities of vestibular percepts. When each either phase duration or pulse rate was held constant, current modulation depth was the factor that had the most significant impact on peak velocity of the eVOR. Significance: Our results identified important parametric variations that influence the measured responses. Furthermore, we observed that not all vestibular pathways seem equally sensitive to the electrical stimulus when the electrodes are placed in the semicircular canals and monopolar stimulation is used. This opens the door to evaluating new stimulation strategies for a vestibular implant, and suggests the possibility of selectively activating one vestibular pathway or the other in order to optimize rehabilitation outcomes.
Keywords Bilateral vestibular lossElectrical stimulationNeuroprosthesisPerceptionVestibular functionVestibular implantVestibulo-ocular reflex
PMID: 32213673
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Research group Neuroprothèses sensorielles pour la restitution de l'audition et l'équilibre (268)
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CRETALLAZ, Céline et al. Influence of systematic variations of the stimulation profile on responses evoked with a vestibular implant prototype in humans. In: Journal of Neural Engineering, 2020, vol. 17, n° 3, p. 036027. doi: 10.1088/1741-2552/ab8342 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:137143

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Deposited on : 2020-06-16

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