Book chapter

Molecular mechanisms of calcium signaling during phagocytosis

Published inMolecular and cellular biology of phagocytosis, Editors Hallett, M.B., p. 103-128
PublisherCham : Springer
Publication date2020

Calcium (Ca2+) is a ubiquitous second messenger involved in the regulation of numerous cellular functions including vesicular trafficking, cytoskeletal rearrangements and gene transcription. Both global as well as localized Ca2+ signals occur during phagocytosis, although their functional impact on the phagocytic process has been debated. After nearly 40 years of research, a consensus may now be reached that although not strictly required, Ca2+ signals render phagocytic ingestion and phagosome maturation more efficient, and their manipulation make an attractive avenue for therapeutic interventions. In the last decade many efforts have been made to identify the channels and regulators involved in generating and shaping phagocytic Ca2+ signals. While molecules involved in store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) of the STIM and ORAI family have taken center stage, members of the canonical, melastatin, mucolipin and vanilloid transient receptor potential (TRP), as well as purinergic P2X receptor families are now recognized to play significant roles. In this chapter, we review the recent literature on research that has linked specific Ca2+-permeable channels and regulators to phagocytic function. We highlight the fact that lipid mediators are emerging as important regulators of channel gating and that phagosomal ionic homeostasis and Ca2+ release also play essential parts. We predict that improved methodologies for measuring these factors will be critical for future advances in dissecting the intricate biology of this fascinating immune process.

  • Ion channels
  • Phagocyte
  • TRPC
  • TRPM
  • TRPV.
Citation (ISO format)
NUNES-HASLER, Paula, KABA, Mayis, DEMAUREX, Nicolas. Molecular mechanisms of calcium signaling during phagocytosis. In: Molecular and cellular biology of phagocytosis. Cham : Springer, 2020. p. 103–128. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-40406-2_7
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Book chapter (Accepted version)

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