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Supercritical fluid chromatography–mass spectrometry in routine anti-doping analyses: Estimation of retention time variability under reproducible conditions

Marconetto, Elisa
Nicoli, Raul
Kuuranne, Tiia
Published in Journal of Chromatography. A. 2020, vol. 1616, p. 460780
Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the retention time variability under reproducible conditions of an SFC-MS analytical method for routine anti-doping analyses. For this purpose, a set of 51 doping agents, as neat standards and spiked in diluted urine, was used to assess their retention times variability over a period of four months, as well as the column inter-batch reproducibility. Three UHPSFC stationary phases have been employed, the Acquity UPC2 Torus 2-Picolylamine (2-PIC), UPC2 Viridis BEH and Acquity UPLC HSS C18 SB. Four columns, per column chemistry, have been purchased to represent three different production lots, with a total of twelve columns employed in this study. The two columns from the same lot were applied to the first part of the study (repeatability), whereas the representative of three different lots were employed in the second part (robustness). In terms of organic modifier, a mixture of 98% MeOH and 2% water containing 20 mM ammonium formate was selected in order to limit the formation of methyl-silyl ethers on the surface of the silica particles, thus potentially improving the repeatability of retention times. A comparison with an UHPLC reference analytical method was made with the same set of analytes. The average relative standard deviations (RSD%), represented in split violin plots, illustrate how two of the UHPSFC columns assessed in this study were able to generate an excellent repeatability of retention times, with results that are in a similar range of those generated by UHPLC. Moreover, the Torus 2-PIC has proven to be the best of the three stationary phases, with an impressive RSD% of 0.5% in diluted urine relative to the inter-month variability. Finally, the inter-batch reproducibility assessment has highlighted a good reproducibility of the same stationary phase belonging to different production lots for all three column chemistries assessed, with the Viridis BEH silica generating an RSD% of 0.7% in diluted urine. Higher values of RSD (%) were found for Torus 2-PIC and HSS C18 SB, respectively of 1.0% and 1.6%.
Keywords Ultra-high performance supercritical fluid chromatographyTandem mass spectrometryAnti-doping analysesIdentification criteriaRetention time variability
PMID: 31862111
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Research group Sciences analytiques
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LOSACCO, Gioacchino Luca et al. Supercritical fluid chromatography–mass spectrometry in routine anti-doping analyses: Estimation of retention time variability under reproducible conditions. In: Journal of Chromatography. A, 2020, vol. 1616, p. 460780. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2019.460780 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:134653

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Deposited on : 2020-04-16

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