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Molecular Weight of RNA Subunits of Rous Sarcoma Virus Determined by Electron Microscopy

Bromley, Peter A.
Published in Journal of virology. 1975, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 161-166
Abstract Secondary cultures of chicken embryo fibroblasts were infected with the Schmidt Ruppin strain of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). Five days after infection, the medium was replaced at 2-h intervals with phosphate-free Eagle medium containing 50 μCi of [³²P]orthophosphate per ml. Virus was collected by centrifugation, and the RNA was extracted and denatured with dimethyl sulfoxide, and the 33S subunit RNA was isolated by sucrose gradient centrifugation. The molecular weight of the RSV subunit RNA was determined by length measurement in the electron microscope, by using bacteriophage MS2 RNA as a length marker. Molecules of between 2.5 and 3.3 μm in length made up over 50% of the subunit RNA preparation. In this paper, we define RSV RNA subunits as that RNA released from the 70S RNA complex by dimethyl sulfoxide treatment, which sediments as a peak at 33S. Assuming the molecular weight of MS2 RNA to be 1.2 times 10⁶, we calculate the molecular weight of RSV subunit RNA to be 3.12 times 10⁶ plus or minus 0.25 times 10⁶.
Keywords AnimalsAvian sarcoma viruses/analysisDensity gradient centrifugationChick embryoCulture techniquesDimethyl sulfoxideFibroblastsElectron microscopyMolecular weightNucleic acid denaturationPhosphatesPhosphorus radioisotopesViral RNA/analysis
PMID: 163340
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Swiss National Science Foundation: 3.096.73 et 3.810.72
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JACOBSON, Ann Béatrice, BROMLEY, Peter A. Molecular Weight of RNA Subunits of Rous Sarcoma Virus Determined by Electron Microscopy. In: Journal of Virology, 1975, vol. 15, n° 1, p. 161-166. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:128117

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