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Scientific article
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The driving mechanisms of the carbon cycle perturbations in the late Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic)

Published inScientific Reports, vol. 9, no. 18430, p. 1-12
Publication date2019
Abstract

the early Jurassic (late pliensbachian to early toarcian) was a period marked by extinctions, climate fluctuations, and oceanic anoxia. Although the causes of the early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxia Event (oAe) have been fairly well studied, the events that lead to the toarcian oAe, i.e. the events in the late pliensbachian, have not been well constrained. Scenarios of the driving mechanism of biotic and environmental changes of the late pliensbachian have ranged from Lip volcanism (the Karoo- ferrar Lip), ocean stagnation, and changing ocean circulation, to orbital forcing. the temporal relationship between the Karoo Lip and the late pliensbachian (Kunae-carlottense ammonite Zones) are investigated in an effort to evaluate a causal relationship. We present the first absolute timescale on the Kunae and carlottense Zones based on precise high-precision U-pb geochronology, and additional geochemical proxies, for a range of environmental proxies such as bulk organic carbon isotope compositions, Hg concentration, and Hg/toc ratios, and Re-os isotopes to further explore their causal relationship. the data presented here show that causality between the Karoo Lip and the late pliensbachian events cannot be maintained.

Keywords
  • Pliensbachian
  • Carbon cycle
  • U-Pb geochronology
  • Age model
  • Ammonite
Citation (ISO format)
FORTES DE LENA, Luis Otavio et al. The driving mechanisms of the carbon cycle perturbations in the late Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic). In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, n° 18430, p. 1–12. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-54593-1
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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