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What makes your brain suggestible? Hypnotizability is associated with differential brain activity during attention outside hypnosis

Published in NeuroImage. 2015, vol. 117, p. 367-374
Abstract Theoretical models of hypnosis have emphasized the importance of attentional processes in accounting for hypnotic phenomena but their exact nature and brain substrates remain unresolved. Individuals vary in their susceptibility to hypnosis, a variability often attributed to differences in attentional functioning such as greater ability to filter irrelevant information and inhibit prepotent responses. However, behavioral studies of attentional performance outside the hypnotic state have provided conflicting results. We used fMRI to investigate the recruitment of attentional networks during a modified flanker task in High and Low hypnotizable participants. The task was performed in a normal (no hypnotized) state. While behavioral performance did not reliably differ between groups, components of the fronto-parietal executive network implicated in monitoring (anterior cingulate cortex; ACC), adjustment (lateral prefrontal cortex; latPFC), and implementation of attentional control (intraparietal sulcus; IPS) were differently activated depending on the hypnotizability of the subjects: the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) was more recruited, whereas IPS and ACC were less recruited by High susceptible individuals compared to Low. Our results demonstrate that susceptibility to hypnosis is associated with particular executive control capabilities allowing efficient attentional focusing, and point to specific neural substrates in right prefrontal cortex.
Keywords AdultAttention/physiologyExecutive Function/physiologyFemaleGyrus Cinguli/physiologyHumansHypnosisMagnetic Resonance Imaging/methodsMaleNerve Net/physiologyParietal Lobe/physiologyPrefrontal Cortex/physiologyPsychomotor Performance/physiology
PMID: 26049149
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Project FNS: 32003B_127560
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COJAN, Yann, PIGUET, Camille, VUILLEUMIER, Patrik. What makes your brain suggestible? Hypnotizability is associated with differential brain activity during attention outside hypnosis. In: NeuroImage, 2015, vol. 117, p. 367-374. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.05.076 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:127495

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Deposited on : 2019-12-05

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