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Malignant ascites: a source of therapeutic protein against ovarian cancer?

Published in Oncotarget. 2019, vol. 10, no. 57, p. 5894-5905
Abstract Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Some ovarian cancer patients present large amount of ascites at the time of diagnosis which may play an active role in tumor development. In earlier studies, we demonstrated that the acellular fraction of ascites can induce apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. The current study identifies pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) as the molecule responsible for the apoptotic effect of ascites and evaluates the Sleeping Beauty transposon (SBT) system as a new tool for PEDF gene therapy against ovarian cancer. We utilize gel filtration, mass spectrometry, affinity column, cell viability assay, tumor development on chick chorioallantoic membrane and molecular biology techniques for these purposes. PEDF was thus identified as the agent responsible for the effects of ascites on ovarian cancer cell viability and tumor growth. Interestingly,the PEDF expression is decreased in ovarian cancer cells compared to healthy ovarian cells. However, the level of PEDF is higher in ascites than in serum of ovarian cancer patients suggesting that cells present in the tumor environment are able to secrete PEDF. We then used the SBT system to stably induce PEDF expression in ovarian cancer cells. The overexpression of PEDF significantly reduced the tumor growth derived from these cells. In conclusion, the results presented here establish that PEDF is a therapeutic target and that PEDF from ascites or SBT could be utilized as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ovarian cancer.
PMID: 31666922
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Research groups Laboratoire de biologie des tumeurs gynécologiques et du développement (927)
Ophtalmologie expérimentale (925)
Prévention du cancer du col utérin (933)
Technologie pharmaceutique
(ISO format)
RIBAUX, Pascale Garlonne et al. Malignant ascites: a source of therapeutic protein against ovarian cancer?. In: Oncotarget, 2019, vol. 10, n° 57, p. 5894-5905. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.27185 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:126336

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Deposited on : 2019-11-15

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