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Scientific article
English

Effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning on intraportal islet transplantation in a rat model

Published inTransplant International, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 323-333
Publication date2019
Abstract

Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC), which is the intermittent interruption of blood flow to a site distant from the target organ, is known to improve solid organ resistance to ischaemia-reperfusion injury. This procedure could be of interest in islet transplantation to mitigate hypoxia-related loss of islet mass after isolation and transplantation. Islets isolated from control or RIPC donors were analyzed for yield, metabolic activity, gene expression and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) content. Syngeneic marginal mass transplantation was performed in four streptozotocin-induced diabetic groups: control, RIPC in donor only, RIPC in recipient only, and RIPC in donor and recipient. Islets isolated from RIPC donors had an increased yield of 20% after 24 h of culture compared to control donors (P = 0.007), linked to less cell death (P = 0.08), decreased expression of hypoxia-related genes (Hif1a P = 0.04; IRP94 P = 0.008), and increased intra-cellular (P = 0.04) and nuclear HMGB1. The use of RIPC in recipients only did not allow for reversal of diabetes, with increased serum HMGB1 at day 1; the three other groups demonstrated significantly better outcomes. Performing RIPC in the donors increases islet yield and resistance to hypoxia. Validation is needed, but this strategy could help to decrease the number of donors per islet recipient.

Keywords
  • Experimental model
  • HMGB1
  • Intraportal islet transplantation
  • Marginal mass
  • Remote ischaemic
  • Preconditioning
Citation (ISO format)
DELAUNE, Vaihere et al. Effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning on intraportal islet transplantation in a rat model. In: Transplant International, 2019, vol. 32, n° 3, p. 323–333. doi: 10.1111/tri.13360
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0934-0874
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