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Scientific article
English

Changes and trends in debris-flow frequency since AD 1850: Results from the Swiss Alps

Published inThe Holocene, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 907-916
Publication date2010
Abstract

Although studies have repeatedly focused on feedbacks and impacts of climate change on mass movements in the past, the inter-relations between climatic variables and debris-flow occurrence remain widely unclear and ambiguous to date. Most studies on past debris-flow occurrence remained rather isolated reconstructions for single torrents or they were restricted to short time periods. It is therefore the aim of this study to provide a regional chronology of past debris-flow events for the Zermatt Valley (Swiss Alps) and to go beyond the simple dating of events. Based on tree-ring reconstructed debris-flow histories of eight torrents, we shed light on changes and trends in debris-flow occurrence, climatic conditions prevailing during events and on potential evolutions in a future climate. Based on the analysis of tree-ring records of 2467 conifers (mainly Larix decidua and Picea abies), 417 events between AD 1600 and 2009 were assessed. Decadal frequencies suggest peaks in debris-flow activity after the end of the ‘Little Ice Age' and for the period 1920—1929. In contrast, activity was rather low during the most recent part of the record (2000—2009), which is in concert with the observed decrease in the number of triggering rainfall events. Long-term trends in debris-flow occurrence were analysed for three time intervals of the period 1850-2009 with Student's t-tests. For the debris-flow frequency of the entire valley, no significant trends can be observed over the last 150 years. We conclude that the occurrence of debris flows would depend on short-term changes in triggering rainfall rather than on long-term climatic changes.

Keywords
  • Climate change
  • Debris flow
  • Frequency
  • Swiss Alps
  • Tree rings
  • Trends
Citation (ISO format)
SCHNEUWLY-BOLLSCHWEILER, Michelle, STOFFEL, Markus. Changes and trends in debris-flow frequency since AD 1850: Results from the Swiss Alps. In: The Holocene, 2010, vol. 20, n° 6, p. 907–916. doi: 10.1177/0959683610365942
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1477-0911
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