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The prevalence and diagnosis of ‘stereoblindness’ in adults less than 60 years of age: a best evidence synthesis

Authors
Levi, Dennis Michael
Published in Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 2019, vol. 39, no. 2, p. 66-85
Abstract PURPOSE: Stereoscopic vision (or stereopsis) is the ability to perceive depth from binocular disparity - the difference of viewpoints between the two eyes. Interestingly, there are large individual differences as to how well one can appreciate depth from such a cue. The total absence of stereoscopic vision, called 'stereoblindness', has been associated with negative behavioural outcomes such as poor distance estimation. Surprisingly, the prevalence of stereoblindness remains unclear, as it appears highly dependent on the way in which stereopsis is measured. RECENT FINDINGS: This review highlights the fact that stereopsis is not a unitary construct, but rather implies different systems. The optimal conditions for measuring these varieties of stereoscopic information processing are discussed given the goal of detecting stereoblindness, using either psychophysical or clinical stereotests. In that light, we then discuss the estimates of stereoblindness prevalence of past studies. SUMMARY: We identify four different approaches that all converge toward a prevalence of stereoblindness of 7% (median approach: 7%; unambiguous-stereoblindness-criteria approach: 7%; visual-defect-included approach: 7%; multiple-criteria approach: 7%). We note that these estimates were derived considering adults of age <60 years old. Older adults may have a higher prevalence. Finally, we make recommendations for a new ecological definition of stereoblindness and for efficient clinical methods for determining stereoblindness by adapting existing tools.
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Article (Published version) (1.9 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Other version: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/opo.12607
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Research group Neuroscience cognitive
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CHOPIN, Adrien, BAVELIER, Daphné, LEVI, Dennis Michael. The prevalence and diagnosis of ‘stereoblindness’ in adults less than 60 years of age: a best evidence synthesis. In: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 2019, vol. 39, n° 2, p. 66-85. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:116359

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Deposited on : 2019-04-15

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