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Scientific article
English

Insulin/IGF1 signalling regulates the mitochondrial biogenesis markers in steroidogenic cells of prepubertal testis, but not ovary

Publication date2018
Abstract

Controlled changes in mitochondrial biogenesis and morphology are required for cell survival and homeostasis, but the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, male and female prepubertal mice (P21) with insulin and IGF1 receptors deletions in steroidogenic tissues (Insr/Igf1r-DKO) were used to investigate transcription of the key regulators of mitochondrial biogenesis (Ppargc1a, Ppargc1b, Pparg, Nrf1, Tfam) and architecture (Opa1, Mfn1, Mfn2) in Leydig cells, ovaries and adrenals. Results showed that the expression of PGC1, a master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and integrator of environmental signals, and its downstream target Tfam, significantly decreased in androgen-producing Leydig cells. This is followed by reduction of Mtnd1, an mtDNA encoded transcript whose core subunit belongs to the minimal assembly required for catalysis. The same markers remained unchanged in ovaries. In contrast, in adrenals, the pattern of transcripts for mitochondrial biogenesis markers was the same in both sexes, but opposite from that observed in Leydig cells. The level of transcripts for markers of mitochondrial architecture (Mfn1, Mfn2) significantly increased in Leydig cells from Insr/Igf1r-DKO, but not in ovaries. This was followed by mitochondrial morphology disturbance, suggesting that the mitochondrial phase of steroidogenesis could be affected. Indeed, basal and pregnenolone stimulated progesterone productions in the mitochondria of Leydig cells from Insr/Igf1r-DKO decreased more than androgen production, and were barely detectable. Our results are the first to show that INSR and IGF1R are important for mitochondrial biogenesis in gonadal steroidogenic cells of prepubertal males, but not females and they serve as important regulators of mitochondrial architecture and biogenesis markers in Leydig cells.

Citation (ISO format)
RADOVIC, Sava M et al. Insulin/IGF1 signalling regulates the mitochondrial biogenesis markers in steroidogenic cells of prepubertal testis, but not ovary. In: Biology of Reproduction, 2018. doi: 10.1093/biolre/ioy177
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ISSN of the journal0006-3363
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