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Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing

Authors
Rose, David
Machery, Edouard
Stich, Stephen
Alai, Mario
Angelucci, Adriano
Berniūnas, Renatas
Buchtel, Emma E.
Chatterjee, Amita
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Published in Thought. 2017, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 193-203
Abstract Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subject's assertion that p matches her nonverbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data fromover 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not.Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology.
Keywords Behavioral circumscriptionFolk psychologyBeliefCross-culturalDelusions
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Affective sciences
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ROSE, David et al. Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing. In: Thought, 2017, vol. 6, n° 3, p. 193-203. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:107303

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Deposited on : 2018-08-31

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