Scientific article

Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing

Published inThought, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 193-203
Publication date2017

Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subject's assertion that p matches her nonverbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data fromover 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not.Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology.

  • Behavioral circumscription
  • Folk psychology
  • Belief
  • Cross-cultural
  • Delusions
Citation (ISO format)
ROSE, David et al. Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing. In: Thought, 2017, vol. 6, n° 3, p. 193–203. doi: 10.1002/tht3.248
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2161-2234

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