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Structure-permeation relationships for the non-invasive transdermal delivery of cationic peptides by iontophoresis
|Published in||European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2006, vol. 29, no. 1, p. 53-59|
|Abstract||Transdermal iontophoresis enables the controlled, non-invasive administration of peptide therapeutics. The aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the effect of amino acid sequence and the spatial distribution of peptide physicochemical properties on electrotransport, and (ii) to develop a quantitative model to predict peptide transport rates. Experimental results showed that the distribution of molecular properties over the peptide surface significantly affected iontophoretic delivery: different arrangements of the same residues resulted in different transport behavior. Computational studies generated three-dimensional quantitative structure-permeation relationships (3D-QSPR) based on 3D descriptors. The model predicted that iontophoresis was favored by peptide hydrophilicity but hindered by voluminous, localized hydrophobicity. Molecular characteristics that favor electrotransport are the converse of those required for passive diffusion across biological membranes. The data represent the first analysis of peptide electrotransport in terms of the spatial distribution of molecular properties and provide insight into the ab initio prediction of transdermal iontophoretic peptide delivery.|
|Keywords||Administration, Cutaneous — Amino Acid Sequence — Cations — Iontophoresis — Models, Molecular — Peptides/administration & dosage/*pharmacokinetics — Permeability — Skin Absorption/physiology — Structure-Activity Relationship|