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Visual consciousness in health and disease

Whatham, A. R.
Published in Neurologic clinics. 2003, vol. 21, no. 3, p. 647-686, vi
Abstract Conscious experience is an essential part of normal human life and interaction with the environment. Yet the nature of consciousness and conscious perception remains a mystery. Because of its subjective nature, consciousness has been difficult to investigate scientifically, but clues have been gained through studies involving patients with cortical lesions. During the past decade, the development of event-related fMRI has provided insights into aspects of conscious perception in control subjects and patients with cortical lesions by correlating awareness and performance with neural activity during visual tasks. This article reviews how recent research has advanced understanding of conscious perception, its relationship to neural activity and visual performance, and how this relationship can be altered by visual dysfunction. It also presents recent research about how conscious awareness of vision might be represented at a neural level in the central nervous system.
Keywords Attention/physiologyAwareness/physiologyConsciousness/ physiologyCorpus Callosum/surgeryDyslexia/physiopathologyFunctional Laterality/physiologyHealth StatusHumansMagnetic Resonance Imaging/methodsOptical IllusionsParietal Lobe/blood supplyPattern Recognition, Visual/physiologyPerceptual Disorders/physiopathologyPerceptual Masking/physiologyPrefrontal Cortex/blood supplyProsopagnosia/physiopathologyTime FactorsUnconscious (Psychology)Visual Perception/ physiologyVocabulary
PMID: 13677817
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WHATHAM, A. R. et al. Visual consciousness in health and disease. In: Neurologic clinics, 2003, vol. 21, n° 3, p. 647-686, vi.

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Deposited on : 2010-08-06

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